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Bibliography of South Australian Geology. Teesdale-Smith E.N. 1958
In this bibliography of South Australian geology an attempt has been made to include all articles, books and pamphlets which contain data on the geology of the State. It has been prepared from an author index, which ·together with a unit or rock index, a locality index and a geological age index, had previously been compiled to cover literature on the geology of South Australia, These four indices were compiled by the author under the direction of the Director of Mines. Similar indices have been prepared in other States by various persons under the auspices of the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics. The bibliography includes all literature published up to and including June, 1956. As well as covering geology and the directly related sciences of geochemistry, geophysics, palaeobotany, palaeontology and palynology, any articles dealing with sciences such as archaeology, geography, geomorphology and pedology, but which have a direct bearing on geology, are included. The bibliography is indexed under authors' names in alphabetical order on the letter by letter principle. Works by one author are indexed chronologically and papers by joint authors' are included among a particular author's work. A paper by joint authors appears under each of its author ' s names by title, but only in the case of the senior author are further details given, other authors being crossindexed to the senior author. References are abbreviated where possible as in the World List of Scientific Periodicals, 1950. A brief abstract of each paper is included. At the end of the bibliography there is a locality index which refers all localities mentioned in the titles of the entries to their 4-mile military survey map reference.
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Burra Miners 1860 1865: An Index to Burra - Burra Mines Copper Ore Day Books. Drew G.J. 1990
Burra was the largest metalliferous mine in Australia between 1845 and 1860, and employed up to 1,000 men and boys. The workforce was predominantly Cornish, Burra being the first significant concentration of Cornish immigrants in Australia. The Cornish brought with them their traditional mining techniques and social customs, and have left a unique cultural heritage. No list of miners employed at Burra exists, but two Copper Ore Day Books have survived. These books record the daily sampling of copper ore on the ore floors, and include the name of the leader of each underground ore mining team (tribute party). These records were kept by surface captains and were used in the calculation of wages. This report contains an index of the miners' names recorded in these Day Books, which cover the periods from July 1860 to November 1861, and October 1863 to December 1865. It also includes a brief review of underground mining methods and employment systems used at Burra. The two Day Books were part of a complete series dating from 1845.
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Echunga Goldfield. Drew, G.J. 1984
The Echunga Goldfield preserves a wide range of gold mining activity over period of almost 150 years. The field stretches southwards from Hahndorf and comprises three main areas; Hahndorf to Mylor, Old Echunga Diggings (including Chapmans Gully), Jupiter Creek Diggings. Although reef gold was first discovered at the Victoria Mine near Montacute in 1846, and alluvial gold in the Onkaparinga River near Balhannah in 1849, Echunga was the frrst proclaimed goldfield in the State, in 1852. Gold mining contributed greatly to the development of Australia in the latter half of the 19th century. The gold resources were widely distributed, and towns grew overnight as news of rich finds attracted rushes of thousands of men. However, the gold finds in South Australia were too small (0.25% of the Australian total production) to play a major part in the economic development of the State. Though they stimulated much local excitement and caused significant short term population movements, they could not compete with mineral discoveries in other States which led to mass exodus from South Australia on several occasions. This publication includes, detailed history, plans of workings, historical newspaper reports and points of interest along Echunga and Jupiter Creek Gold Diggings walking trails.
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Environmental Planning Techniques. Buckley, R.G. 1987
Presents methods of environmental planning, concentrating on those not yet in general use in Australia and not yet dictated by legislation. Contents of this publication include; corporate costs and benefits, standard EIA techniques, new approaches in environmental planning, extended costs benefit analysis and environmental policy.
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Goldfields of South Australia. Drew G.J. 1993
This report provides a general account of the location(including detailed maps) and early history of gold occurrences in South Australia, prior to the opening of Olympic Dam. This information has been compiled from published and unpublished departmental reports, mine summary cards, and early newspaper clippings. There is no reference to new prospects of the Central Gawler Gold Province of the Gawler Craton (e.g. Barns, Tunkillia), and of the Curnamona Province (e.g. White Dam). Gold in South Australia's historic goldfields occurs predominantly in quartz reefs associated with Precambrian rocks (rocks older than 1000 million years), as well as in much younger Tertiary rocks (< 60 million years old) and in modern alluvial sedimentary deposits. The principal gold occurrences are in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Mid North, Olary and Tarcoola districts. Other, minor occurrences exist in the northern Flinders Ranges, Fleurieu Peninsula, Kangaroo Island and Far North. The goldfield descriptions and accompanying location maps presented here are therefore arranged under these geographic groupings for ease of reference.
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History and Role of Government Geological Surveys in Australia. Johns R.K. (Ed.) 1976
Geological Surveys are a feature of government science and technology in practically every country in the world and governments have generally found it necessary to establish a body to advise on mineral resources. But the geologist's and the politician's views on how this can be done have frequently been in conflict. Governments in the past have sought quick answers to short-term problems and have not always taken kindly to the scientist's insistence on systematic progress. In Australia, the early history of the Geological Survey of Victoria provides a classic example of such a clash of interest; and it is ironical that the members of that Survey, disbanded in 1869, were responsible for establishing, or, in the case of Victoria, resuscitating, Geological Surveys in nearly all the Australian colonies. The establishment and subsequent growth of the Geological Surveys in the various Colonies (States since Federation in 1901) have followed generally similar lines and each was created at different times in response to demands for government investigation of mineral resources. New South Wales and Queensland turned fairly quickly to coalfield mapping and Queensland and South Australia to copper; and, gradually, as the national economy matured and demand arose for other raw materials, each Survey broadened its activities, seeking other metals, industrial minerals, water and much later petroleum.
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Late Cainozoic Rock Units and Depositional Environments, Lake Frome Area, South Australia. Callen R.A. and Tedford R.H. 1976
Five new rock units are defined for the Lake Frome area of South Australia. The Namba Formation of Miocene age constitutes fine grained immature muddy sediments laid down in a low-energy fluviatile and lacustrine environment, possibly partly estuarine or lagoonal. Climate was subtropical or warm temperate with high rainfall, but seasonal aridity. Aphanitic oolitic lacustrine dolomite and palygorskite are included in this sequence. The Flinders Ranges had very low relief. The overlying and intertonguing Willawortina Formation represents alluvial fan deposits with minor lacustrine phases, recording the beginning of the late Cainozoic uplift of the Flinders Ranges, during which the Miocene lake was greatly reduced in area. The Millyera Formation, constituting laminated ostracode bearing clay, fine sand, and charophyte limestone, records lacustrine deposition during the Pleistocene. This took place in an enlarged ancestral Lake Frome. The essentially fluviatile and aeolian deposits of the Eurinilla Formation and Coonarbine Formation were deposited during the late Pleistocene and early Recent. Arid and pluvial climates alternate in the late Tertiary and Quaternary. Drainage trends and the predecessor of Lake Frome were established, closely approximating present day geography. During deposition of the Coonarbine Formation the seif dunes of the southern Strzelecki Desert formed.
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Late Precambrian and Cambrian Geology of the Adelaide Geosyncline and Stuart Shelf, South Australia (Excursion guide no. 33 for 25th International Geological Congress). 1976
The aim of this excursion is to see and make comparison between a diversity of Precambrian and Cambrian sequences in varying tectonic and sedimentary environments. These range from the Gawler Craton and Stuart Shelf in the west to the deeper basinal region of the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges of southern and central South Australia, known as the Adelaide Geosyncline. The basinal region was incorporated in a Cambro Ordovician fold belt. Exposures are good and the rocks are generally little or moderately metamorphosed, hence South Australia is a key area in the study of the late Precambrian (Adelaidean) and early Cambrian. Localities visited include stratotypes and illustrate problems of correlation and age determination, the base of the Cambrian, the Ediacara Fauna, glacigene rocks, strematolites, cherts containing algal filaments, sedimentary magnesite, diapiric structures and fossiliferous Cambrian sequences. Basement to the Adelaidean is seen in the west near Whyalla and near Arkaroola in the northeastern Flinders Ranges. Some significant mineral deposits to be visited are Middleback Ranges iron ore of the Gawler Craton, Beltana willernite, and Burra copper associated with diapirs of the Mount Lofty-Flinders Ranges. South of Wilpena Chalet the excursion route is mainly on bitumen roads, but further north roads are unsealed and more likely to become impassable in wet weather.
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One Day Geological Excursion of the Adelaide Region. Parker A.J. (Compiler) 1986
One day geological excursions of the Adelaide region including the Barossa Valley, Mount Lofty Ranges and Fleurieu Peninsula, 19th February, 1986. The geology within an 80 km radius of Adelaide is quite varied and encompasses much of South Australia's geological evolution. Early to Middle Proterozoic basement, underlying the Adelaide Geosyncline and Kanmantoo Trough successions, including many type sections, are also exposed within the same region. The classical Tertiary-Quaternary sequences are well exposed around the coastline of Gulf St Vincent.
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Record of the Mines of South Australia (4th edition). Brown H.Y.L. 1908
This publication is a detailed compilation of authentic early history mining operations in South Australia published in 1908. The first compilation which can be regarded as an authentic history of mining operations in South Australia is contained in the Royal South Australian Almanack for 1848, published by John Stephens, Hindley Street, Adelaide. The editor in his preface says, Altogether the Almanack for 1848 will form a compendious history of the present condition of South Australia; and as the information communicated has been collected from authentic sources, where such was practicable, it may safely be relied upon as substantially correct. The section is headed Mines and Mining Companies in South Australia. It has evidently been prepared with much care, and is written in a general spirit of breezy optimism which, although refreshingly cheerful, argues in some respects a certain lack of expert knowledge on the part of the compiler. It is very interesting, not only from the actual mining information it gives, but also from the association of the honored name.s of the first enterprising mining adventurers of South Australia. Regarding the various mines noted, the sanguine expectations entertained were in some cases, more than realised, in others they turned out failures, and in others again the ground still remains undeveloped. The old record is here republished in full (except the forms of share certificate), and the later information concerning the various mines will be found in proper order throughout the book.
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