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Explanatory Notes - Full set of digital copies on DVD (including maps)
Provides supporting notes (PDF format) to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series (available for order below) including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. A scanned image of each 1:250 000 published geological map is also provided for each Explanatory Note.
$50.00 Qty
Abminga - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The ABMINGA 1 :250 000 map area (referred to in these notes as ABMINGA) lies in the extreme north of South Australia, between latitudes 26° and 2rs and longitudes 133°30' and 135°E. The South Australia-Northern Territory border forms the northern boundary of the map area. Portions of several large cattle stations cover the map area. These are: Tieyon, Granite Downs, Lambina, Crown Point, Hamilton, and Todmorden. Granite Downs Station, in the southwest corner of ABMINGA, has been incorporated in the Pitjantjatjara Land although the present pastoral lease has not yet expired. Apart from Tieyon and Lambina homesteads, the sheet area is uninhabited. The nearest settlements are Oodnadatta, lndulkana and Marla in South Australia, and Finke and Kulgera in the Northern Territory.
$30.00 Qty
Barton - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The BARTON 1:250 000 map area is located in the west of the State on the margin of the Nullarbor Plain and Great Victoria Desert. It lies between latitudes 30°00' and 31°00'S, and longitudes 132°00' and 133°30'E. The area is crossed by the east-west Trans Australian Railway and service road, the north-south Colona-Ooldea track, and by various unsealed station and mineral exploration tracks. The railway siding of Barton is the only centre of population in the area; the nearest towns are Tarcoola -200 km to the east and Ceduna -200 km to the southeast. The land has remained generally unused for agriculture except for the western extension of 'Commonwealth Hill' Station in the northeast, on the Mobella 1: 100 000 sheet. Much of BARTON lies within the Maralinga Tjarutja Land and the Woomera Prohibited area, and permission is required for access.
$30.00 Qty
Billa Kalina - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes copy of published map. The BILLA KALINA 1 :250 000 map area lies between Coober Pedy and Andamooka in the Far North of South Australia, and is bounded by latitudes 29° and 30°S and longitudes 135° and 136°30'E. The area includes five pastoral stations; McDouall Peak, Twins, and Millers Creek (south of the vermin-proof 'dog fence') are stocked with sheep, while the cattle stations, Billa Kalina and Anna Creek are north of the 'dog fence'. The only homesteads on BILLA KALINA are the The Twins and Billa Kalina. Main access routes are the Stuart Highway, which extends northwestwards across the southwest corner of the map area, the Coober Pedy-William Creek road, and a track from Billa Kalina extending northeastwards to the William Creek-Marree road. Station tracks provide adequate access within the map area.
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Callabonna - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. CALLABONNA map sheet area lies adjacent to the New South Wales border and includes the southern end of Strzelecki Desert and north eastern Flinders Ranges, between latitudes 29° and 30° S and longitudes 139° 30’ and 141° E. Cameron Corner is the NE corner and joins the States of Queensland and New South Wales with South Australia. Two large ephemeral lakes occupy the NW and central parts: these are Lake Blanche and Lake Callabonna. Access is via the Strzelecki Track, from either Lyndhurst or Moomba, or via the Arkaroola to Mt Hopeless Road. Within the area, access is limited to the few public roads, pastoral station tracks and exploration tracks. Vehicular use of tracks created for seismic surveys after survey completion is prohibited, so as to facilitate plant regeneration. Pastoral Lease area access may require permission from the owners and/or managers. Access within the Strzelecki Regional Reserve is by permit and some activities may require prior approval from the relevant Government Agency. Approval from the South Australian Museum for some activities within the Callabonna Fossil Reserve is required. Pastoral properties covered by this area include: Arkaroola, Bollards Lagoon, Frome Downs – ‘Lakeside’, Lindon-‘White Catch’, Moolawatana, Mount Freeling, Murnpeowie and Quinyambie. The Strzelecki Regional Reserve occupies the northwestern quadrant of the area, while the Callabonna Fossil Reserve covers most of Lake Callabonna and was the first of its kind in Australia.
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Childara - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The CHILDARA 1:250 000 sheet (referred to in these notes as CHILDARA) covers about 15 500 km2 of northern Eyre Peninsula between latitudes 31° and 32° south and from longitude 133°30 to 135° east. The southwestern corner is about 10 km north of Ceduna, a small port on the West Coast and on the Eyre Highway, some 800 km by road northwest of Adelaide. The region is part of the Gawler Craton, the eastern extension of the Australian Precambrian Shield. More than half the area is blanketed by lines of seif dunes, which are generally about 10m high and trend a few degrees north of west, representing a southeastern prolongation of the Great Victoria Desert.
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Chowilla - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The CHOWILLA 1:250 000 map area lies in the northwestern part of the Murray Basin, between latitudes 33° and 34°S and longitudes 139°30 and 141°E. Its eastern boundary is the South Australia/New South Wales border. The area includes portions of the counties of Burra, Eyre, Hamley, Kimberley, and Young. The entire map area is divided into a number of medium-sized sheep stations. Several of these stations (Canopus, Hypurna, Morgan Vale, and part of Oakbank) have been recently formed into the Danggali Conservation Park covering an area of about 2 500 sq. km. The nearest towns are Morgan and Renmark, 3 and 19 km south of the southern boundary of CHOWILLA respectively.
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Cooper Pedy - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The COOBER PEDY 1 :250 000 geological map sheet lies in the northwestern part of central South Australia, about 750 km northwest of Adelaide. It is bounded by latitudes 29°S and 30°S and by longitudes 133°30'E and 135°E. The only substantial settlement is the township of Coober Pedy, famous for its precious opal. It is located near the extreme northeastern corner of the map and in 1980 had a population of about 5 000. There are four pastoral leases: Commonwealth Hill, Mabel Creek, Ingomar, and McDouall Peak. These properties, except Mabel Creek, are sheep grazing areas and are located south of the Dog Proof Fence.
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Copley - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The COPLEY 1:250 000 map area includes the northern Flinders Ranges and the southern part of the Willouran Ranges. It is bounded to the west by the Lake Torrens Sunkland, and to the east by the Lake Frome Plains. A thick sequence of older Precambrian metasediments intruded by Carpentarian alkali granites is exposed in the Mount Painter Province in the northeast of the area. The crystalline basement is overlain by a thick succession of folded Adelaidean and Cambrian sediments. Diapirs originating from the lower Callanna Beds intruded this sequence during and after sedimentation. Palaeozoic granites intruded Lower Adelaidean units in the Mount Painter Province. Coal deposited in the late Triassic is now exploited as a source of power. Thin fresh water sequences of Jurassic sands and clays were locally deposited. Transgressive marine Lower Cretaceous sandstones were deposited in the Frome Embayment. Marginal faulting in Tertiary times resulted in the accumulation of thick sequences of sands and clays in the Pirie-Torrens Basin and Frome Embayment. Piedmont gravels were deposited during uplift of the ranges in Pleistocene times. Increasing aridity resulted in the development of the Recent erosion cycle and the formation of aeolian sand dlmes.
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Curdimurka - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The CURDIMURKA 1:250 000 geological map area is located between latitudes 29° and 30°S, and longitudes 136°30' and 138°E, 600 km north-northwest of Adelaide in the arid central region of South Australia. The Willouran ranges in the southeast and Lake Eyre South (usually a dry salt lake) in the north are the two main physiographic features. Most watercourses drain northerly into the Lake Eyre depression. High plateaus and mesas occur in the southwest of the sheet area, and broad gibber plains, dunefields and sand spreads comprise the remainder of the landscape. The region is underlain by the Great Artesian Basin, leakage from which has formed a series of mound springs.
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Curnamona - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The CURNAMONA 1:250 000 geological map area is located between latitudes 31° and 32°S, and longitudes 139°30 and 141°E, encompassing most of the region immediately south of Lake Frome between the Flinders and Barrier Ranges. The eastern limit is the New South Wales border. Adjacent geological maps are BROKEN HILL (Rose, 1968), FROME (Callen, 1981), PARACHILNA (Dalgarno and Johnson, 1966) and OLARY (Forbes, 1989). Main access roads are the Barrier Highway and the unsealed Yunta-Frome Downs-Arkaroola road. The many pastoral properties of the area include 'Curnamona', 'Frome Downs', 'Mulyungarie', 'Strathearn' and 'Glenorchy'.
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Dalbousie - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The DALHOUSIE map area is situated on the northern margin of South Australia in the arid interior of the Australian continent. The eastern part of the area is covered by dunefields of the Simpson Desert and the west is a region of stony tableland and rolling gibber fields, with a number of major tree-lined water-courses that are generally dry except for the few semipermanent waterholes. Near the centre of this western region, a large complex of artesian mound springs forms a noteworthy feature of the landscape. Around the springs the vegetation is profuse and lush in contrast to the generally smaller and hardier grasses, shrubs and trees of the surrounding areas.
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Elliston - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The ELLISTON 1:250 000 geological map area lies along western Eyre Peninsula, extending along the coast from near Elliston township northwards to Cape Blanche and Sceale Bay. Localities also included are Anxious Bay, Talia Beach, Venus Bay, Baird Bay, Point Labatt and Calca Bluff. Within the Great Australian Bight on ELLISTON three groups of islands exist: Waldegrave Island, West Island and The Watchers are just offshore from Cape Finniss; Topgallant Isles, Flinders Island and Ward Islands are further west; whereas Pearson and Veteran Isles and Dorothee Island are further offshore and approximately 70 km southwest of Elliston. The latter two clusters of islands comprise the Investigator Group. The map sheet is bounded by latitudes 33°00' and 34°00S and longitudes 133°30 and 135°00'E, though the printed map was extended southwards to latitude 34°05' to encompass all of Dorothee Island.
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Everard - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. Pronounced positive and negative geophysical anomalies on EVERARD represent the crystalline Musgrave Block in the north, a basement trough more than 4000 m in depth flanking the Musgrave Block to the south, and the crystalline Ammaroodinna Inlier southeast of the basement trough. Major faults separate these structural zones. Granulite and upper amphibolite grade etamorphics of early Adelaidean age folded about northeast-and east-trending axes are intruded by a jointed granite. pluton having K/Ar and Rb/Sr ages of approximately 1100 and 1150 m.y. respectively. Gabbroic dykes intrude both the metamorphics and the granite pluton and commonly follow the joints in the pluton. Together, these crystalline rocks comprise the Musgrave Block on EVERARD. Greenschist grade rocks having K/Ar and Rb/Sr ages of approximately 1100 and 1000-1050 m.y. respectively represent the fault-emplaced Ammaroodinna Inlier. A middle Adelaidean succession of folded but unmetamorphosed clastics, glacigenes, carbonates and basic volcanics (mainly Umberatana Group equivalents) abuts the Musgrave Block along a faulted contact. Folding of the succession has occurred about east-trending axes (lndulkanan Folding) except where controlled by movements of the basement margins. Overlying the Adelaidean succession with marked angular unconformity is the gently folded (Chandleran Movement) arenaceous sequence of the Palaeozoic Officer Basin. An unconformity is inferred between the Lower Palaeozoic Marla and Munda sequences and the younger Palaeozoic Mintabie Beds and Waitoona Beds. Thin, flat-lying Mesozoic deposits in the eastern part of EVERARD are marginal remnants of the Great Artesian Basin and have been gently domed and faulted. Recent aeolian and alluvial sediments blanket much of the area. Groundwater is the most important economic mineral on EVERARD, precious opal has been mined intermittently and hydrocarbons may yet be proved to occur in the Palaeozoic Officer Basin.
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Fowler - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The FOWLER 1:250 000 map area (hereafter referred to as FOWLER) is bounded by latitudes 31° and 32°S and longitudes 132° and 133°30'E. It includes about 1 500 000 ha in the southwest of South Australia, and includes part of the eastern margin of the Eucla Basin and the western margin of the Gawler Block. The northeast part of the area is out of hundreds, and the southwest includes parts of counties Hopetown, Kintore and Way.
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Frome - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The FROME 1: 250 000 geological sheet (hereinafter referred to as FROME) is located between latitudes 30°S and 31°S and longitudes 139°30'E and 141°E and covers most ofthe area between the northern Flinders Ranges and the New South Wales border. Its southern and northern limits approximate to the extremities of Lake Frome, which occupies most of the western portion of the sheet. A southern extension of the Strzelecki Desert covers the eastern half of the area. Main access roads are the Barrier Highway, the Port Augusta-Wilpena Pound road (which branches off through Oraparinna, thence to Wertaloona) and the Broken Hill-Tibooburra road. A track along the New South Wales side of the border fence gives access to the eastern portion of the sheet, but as the fence is about 50 to 100m inside New South Wales, it is not shown on the map. Brougham's Gate is one of the few places where one can pass through the fence into South Australia.
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Gairdner - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The GAIRDNER 1 :250 000 geological map sheet (hereafter referred to as GAIRDNER) covers about 15 500 km2 of northern Eyre Peninsula centred around Lake Gairdner, between latitudes 31° and 32° south, from longitude 135° to 136°30' east. The northwestern corner is about 12 km south of Kingoonya, a small railway township some 660 km northwest of Adelaide, on the Trans Australian Railway linking Adelaide and the eastern states with Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
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Gason - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The Gason 1:250 000 map area (hereafter referred to as GASON) lies between latitudes 27° and 28° south and longitudes 138° and 139°30' east. There are no towns on the map area. The closest are Birdsville, about 160 km to the north, and Marree, about 210 km to the south of GASON. The country is used to raise cattle which are trucked to Marree, the nearest rail head. At present there are three cattle stations on GASON; these are New Kalamurina, Cowarie and Clifton Hills. Access by road is along the Birdsville Track from Marree, which runs through the centre of the area. Accessibility by vehicle on GASON is generally good on the stony gibber plains but problems are encountered with the channels of the main creeks and the sand dunes on either side of the map area. Tracks shown along the Warburton Creek and Cooper Creek are affected by floods and may be impassable for many months after heavy rains.
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Giles - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The GILES 1:250 000 map area (referred to in these notes as GILES) lies in the remote and arid Great Victoria Desert of northwestern South Australia, between latitudes 28°00’ and 29°00’ south and longitudes 132°00’ and 133° 30’ east. The map area includes portions of Maralinga Tjarutja and Pitjantjatjara Lands (both Aboriginal lands), Tallaringa Conservation Park, and Wintinna Station. Permits are required to enter the Aboriginal lands, and can be obtained from The Administrator, Maralinga Tjarutja, PO Box 435, Ceduna, SA 5690 (ph. (08) 8625 2946) and The Chairman, Anangu Pitjantjatjara, PO Box 2584, Alice Springs, NT 5750 (ph. (08) 8950 5411). In addition, all of GILES falls within the Woomera Prohibited Area, for which entry permits can be obtained from the Defence Support Centre, PO Box 157, Woomera, SA 5270 (ph. (08) 8674 3211). An area around Emu, where atomic bomb tests were carried out in the 1950s, is now included in Maralinga Tjarutja Land.
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Kimba - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The KIMBA 1 :250 000 geological map area lies in central Eyre Peninsula. extending from latitude 33°S to 34°S and from longitude 135° E to 136° 30' E. The principal towns are Kimba and Cleve, with smaller towns being Wudinna, Kyancutta, Lock, Rudall, Darke Peak, Pygery and Warramboo. The area is crossed by the Eyre Highway in the north, Flinders Highway along the west coast, Lincoln Highway on the east coast, and the Ceduna to Port Lincoln and Buckleboo to Cummins railway lines. The area has been cleared extensively for agriculture, particularly cereal cultivation, and grazing. Principal cereals are wheat and barley: sheep are the most important livestock. Extensive areas of native vegetation still exist, especially in the Pinkawillinie, Hambidge, Bascombe Well, Hincks and Carappee Hill Conservation Parks. Mapping of KIMBA was based on Department of Lands 1981 black and white, and colour aerial photographs at a scale of 1:40 000. Geological boundaries were transferred to 1 : 100 000 topographic base maps which are available from SADME as black and white paper prints.
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Kingoonya - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The KINGOONYA 1:250 000 geological map area is located between longitudes 135° and 136° 30'E and latitudes 30° and 31°S, to the northwest of Woomera. Adjacent geological maps are BILLA KALINA (Ambrose and Flint, 1981 b), ANDAMOOKA (Dalgarno, 1982), TORRENS (Johns et al., 1981), GAIRDNER (Blissett, 1985), CHILDARA (Blissett, 1980), TARCOOLA (Daly, 1985), COOBER PEDY (Benbow, 1983) and CURDIMURKA- (Krieg et al., in prep.). The only townships are Kingoonya, formerly a 'railway town' and supply centre for travellers on the old Stuart Highway and for nearby sheep stations, and Glendambo, on the realigned Stuart Highway. Most of KINGOONYA is devoted to sheep grazing, with main homesteads being 'North Well' and 'Whymlet' (both part of 'Wilgena'), 'Bon Bon', 'Mount Eba', 'Mount Vivian', 'Millers Creek' and 'Parakylia'. The sheet area also includes portions of several other stations south ofthe Dog Proof Fence, and part of 'Billa Kalina', which runs cattle, north of the fence. Access to and within the area is principally by the Stuart Highway, the Glendambo-KingoonyaTarcoola road, the old Stuart Highway north of Kingoonya, the Woomera-'Mount Eba' road ('Range' road) and homestead access tracks. Few areas are more than 5 km from a station track. KINGOONYA is almost entirely within the Woomera Prohibited Area, for which permission is required to enter; travel on the Stuart Highway is exempted. Geological mapping was carried out during 1985-87, using 1:89 000 scale colour aerial photographs of 1972 surveys 1354 B, 1357-1360 and 1382, and a nine-hole rotary-drilling project was undertaken by SADME north of Kingoonya in late 1987 (Cowley and Martin, 1988). Petrological and geochemical reports on KINGOONYA are available through the SADME 'RS' (rock sample) and 'GEOCHEM' databases. Cowley and Martin (in prep.) provide more detail on the geology of KINGOONYA, including stratigraphic interpretation of company drillholes and selected water bores.
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Kopperamanna - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The KOPPERAMANNA 1:250 000 sheet area (referred to here as KOPPERAMANNA) was mapped in 1970 and 1971 as part of a project by the Geological Survey of South Australia to complete the mapping of the Great Artesian Basin in South Australia. KOPPERAMANNA lies east of Lake Eyre in arid sand ridge and stony tableland country between latitudes 28° and 29° south and longitudes 138° and 139°30' east. The Birdsville Track, once only a stock route but now an improved unsealed road, runs northerly through the central part of KOPPERAMANNA and provides the only access by road, either from Marree, 100 km to the south, or Birdsville (Queensland), 290 km northeast. There are few other tracks in the map area and most of these may not be used conveniently by normal two-wheel drive vehicles. Roads may become impassable after rains. The few people settled in the area occupy beef-cattle stations near the Birdsville Track: the stations are Etadunna (pronounced eetha-dinna), Mulka and Mungeranie. The writer is grateful to these people for their hospitality and assistance during the field work.
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Lake Eyre - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The LAKE EYRE 1:250 000 map area (hereafter referred to as LAKE EYRE) is an uninhabited region in the north of South Australia lying between latitudes 28° and 29°S and longitudes 136°30' and 138°E. The nearest permanent habitations, all outside the map area, are Muloorina Station, William Creek Railway siding and Kalamurina Station. The nearest towns are Marree, 80 km south, and Oodnadatta, 115 km northwest of LAKE EYRE. The Alice Springs-Oodnadatta-Port Augusta railway passes only a few kilometres southwest of the map area. Access is by way of station tracks branching off the main Marree-Oodnadatta road. A network of graded tracks joins the bores and many dams on the western side of LAKE EYRE. No tracks exist east of the western shore of the lake except for one which passes along Sulphur Peninsula to a causeway extending out onto Madigan Gulf. Lake Eyre is usually dry but travelling on the lake bed is restricted mainly to the areas of salt crust; however, even parts of these may prove treacherous. Although progress is slow, the only hindrances while traversing the eastern side of the lake are the Cooper Creek channel, occasional playa lakes and areas of loose uncompacted sand drift.
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Lincoln - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The LINCOLN 1:250 000 map area covers southern Eyre Peninsula, extending from latitude 34°00’S to 35°05’S and longitude 135°00’E to 136°30’E. Several islands lying just outside the area have been included as insets. The main centre of population is the City of Port Lincoln, with smaller towns including North Shields, Tumby Bay, Port Neill, Coffin Bay, Louth Bay, Cummins, Poonindie, Koppio and Wanilla. The region has been extensively cleared for agriculture. Land uses include cereal cropping such as wheat and barley, and grazing of livestock including sheep and cattle. More recently, alternative livestock such as emus, ostriches and deer have been farmed on smaller properties. Lincoln and Coffin Bay National Parks, Kellidie Bay and Murrunatta Conservation Parks, and water reserves to the south and west of Port Lincoln, preserve large areas of natural vegetation. Many of the islands off the coast are also conservation parks.
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Marree - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
MARREE map area includes the SW portion of Strzelecki Desert and part of Tirari Desert, NW Flinders Ranges and NE Willouran Ranges, between latitudes 29degrees to 30degrees S and longitudes 138degrees to 139degrees30’ E. This ~15 000 km2 area is dominantly arid with hot dry summers and cool winters; sporadic rainfall may occur between autumn to late spring, heavy downpours can cause flash flooding that impede surface travelling. Parts of three large drainage sinks or playas form the ephemeral Lakes Blanche, Eyre North and Gregory (NE and NW corners, top centre). Numerous creeks debouch from the highlands and drain towards the large playas including Lake Eyre to the west and NW onto CURDIMURKA and LAKE EYRE map areas. MARREE is broadly flat to convex and is partly covered by desert dunefields. The ranges high ground (SW & SE map corners) contain folded Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks of the Adelaide Geosyncline, underlain in the Flinders Ranges by crystalline hard rock composed of highly deformed Mesoproterozoic metasediment rafts and keels supported by variably deformed Mesoproterozoic granites and volcanics. The surrounding plains are underlain by sediments of the Cambrian Arrowie Basin, Cambro-Ordovician Warburton Basin, Devonian marine sediments and basaltic volcanics, the Permian Cooper Basin, and have exposures of Mesozoic Eromanga Basin and Cenozoic Lake Eyre Basin sediments. Active erosion and deposition continues in many areas today.
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Maitland - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The MAITLAND Special 1:250 000 geological map includes the MAITLAND and northern part of the KINGSCOTE 1:250 000 geological map areas. The map contains the major part of Yorke Peninsula and is located between longitudes 136°30’ and 138° E, and latitudes 34°and 35°25'S. More than half of the map area lies under the waters of eastern St Vincent Gulf and western Spencer Gulf. The first edition of the MAITLAND one-inch-to-four-mile (1:253 440) geological map (mapped by A.R. Crawford) was published in 1960. The KINGSCOTE map had been previously published in 1954. These were followed by publication of ‘The geology of Yorke Peninsula’ (Crawford, 1965) and ‘A field guide to the geology of Yorke Peninsula’ (Field Geology Club of SA Inc., 1997). Over the last three decades, Yorke Peninsula has been a focus for mineral and petroleum exploration with extensive seismic, gravity and aeromagnetic surveys. More than 3000 exploration holes have been drilled and over 5000 geochemical analyses undertaken. The current mapping project commenced on 1 July 1996. A major study, immediately preceding the mapping and involving interpretation of the basement and related mineralisation, was completed for the Moonta–Wallaroo data package (Conor, 1995). Field mapping was carried out using 1:40 000 scale colour aerial photographs and was compiled as 1:50 000 sheets. The geological data that have been compiled include local mapping carried out by exploration companies, university students and many departmental colleagues.
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Murloocoppie - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The MURLOOCOPPIE 1:250 000 sheet lies between Coober Pedy and Oodnadatta in the central Far-North of South Australia, and is bounded by latitudes 28°S and 29°S and longitudes 133°30'E and 135°00'E. The area is occupied by six pastoral stations, stocked with sheep and cattle: Mable Creek and Mount Clarence south of the vermin-proof 'dog fence', and Mount Willoughby, Evelyn Downs, Mount Barry and Copper Hill to the north. The eastern extremity of the Great Victoria Desert occupies the western one-third of the sheet and is uninhabited. The important opal mining town of Coober Pedy lies 1·5 km south of the southeastern corner of the sheet area. The main access route is the Stuart Highway, which proceeds westerly from Coober Pedy, then north through the central portion of MURLOOCOPPIE. The recent program of mapping was begun in 1972 with a reconnaissance field trip and supporting helicopter survey using a Bell 47G helicopter (SeptemberNovember 1972), which covered MURLOOCOPPIE and adjacent areas. Followup fieldwork was conducted throughout 1973 and much of 1974, by L. C. Barnes and the writer, during which time, mapping was carried out on both MURLOOCOPPIE and WINTINNA.
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Noolyeana - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The Noolyeana 1:250 000 map area (hereafter referred to as NOOLYEANA) lies about 850 km north of Adelaide between latitudes 27° and 28° south and longitudes 136°30' and 138° east. The sheets adjoining it are GASON to the east, LAKE EYRE to the south, OODNADATTA to the west and POOLOWANNA to the north. The area is uninhabited. The southwestern and southeastern portions of the area form a part of Macumba and Kalamurina cattle stations. The nearest station homestead is New Kalamurina, about 25 km northeast of Poonarunna Bore (formerly French Petroleum Company (Australia) Poonarunna 1 - now a flowing artesian bore). Two abandoned stations, Old Kalamurina and Poonarunna, are situated along the Warburton Creek on NOOLYEANA. The nearest town is Oodnadatta, about 105 km west of NOOLYEANA. The sand hills of the Simpson and Tirara Deserts and the salt channels of the Warburton and Kallakoopah Creeks and Macumba River make vehicle travel through the area difficult. There are only a few tracks on the gibber country in the southwest and one graded track from New Kalamurina to Poonarunna 1 and about 25 km down river from there. In good seasons, drovers were known to take cattle from Oodnadatta across the north end of Lake Eyre to the Birdsville Track cattle stations (Farwell, 1960).
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Nuyts - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The NUYTS 1:250 000 map sheet area lies along the far west coast of Eyre Peninsula, from near Ceduna to west of Fowlers Bay. It is bounded by latitudes 32° and 33°S and by longitudes 132° and 133°30'E, and includes Lake Macdonnell and parts of the Nuyts Archipelago and Great Australian Bight. There are no major settlements on NUYTS, the nearest being Penong and Ceduna. The main access route is the Eyre Highway through Ceduna, Penong and Nundroo with a network of many smaller local roads. The landscape is highly variable. Coastal calcarenite cliffs and rocky headlands are flanked by sandy beaches and extensive, mobile, white dune fields. Tourville Bay is rimmed by tidal mud flats and mangroves, the latter being the westernmost occurrence in South Australia. Near-coastal salinas are common and include Lake Macdonnell with its high-grade gypsum deposit. Inland, undulating plains and low hills have been mostly cleared for cereal cultivation and livestock grazing, but there are some remnants of mallee scrub.
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Olary - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The OLARY 1:250 000 map area lies between latitudes 32° and 33° south and longitudes 139°30' and 141° east. It includes parts of the Willyama Inliers, Adelaide Geosyncline, and northern Murray Basin in low, semi-arid ranges and plains against the eastern border of South Australia, southwest of Broken Hill (NSW). Main townships along the sealed National Route 32 which passes through the area are Yunta, Manna Hill, Olary and Cockburn; Olary is 400 km by road northeast of Adelaide. Good quality unsealed roads lead from these towns to over 20 pastoral properties which run sheep and some beef cattle. Access to intervening areas may be gained by station tracks. The ranges, composed of Adelaidean and older rocks, form the northeastern end of the Nackara Arc which extends from Mount Lofty to Olary, and separate the lower-lying Cainozoic terrains of the northwestern Murray Basin and southeastern Lake Frome region.
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Ooldea - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The OOLDEA 1 :250 000 mapsheet area, in the far west of SA, includes portions of Maralinga Tjarutja Aboriginal Land, Maralinga Prohibited Area, and Nullarbor Regional Reserve. It is traversed by the Trans Australia Railway and by various unsealed station and mineral exploration tracks. There are several railway sidings, including Ooldea, but no significant permanent population in the area; the nearest towns are Tarcoola (now abandonded) ca. 350 km to the east and Ceduna ca. 350 km to the southeast It lies between latitudes 30'00' and 31°00'S, and longitudes 130'30' and 13200'E. The land has remained generally unused for agriculture, but does host some pastoral activity. OOLDEA lies in the northeastern part of the Cainozoic Eucla Basin which overlies thin marginal sediments of the late Palaeozoic Arckaringa Basin and Mesozoic Bight and Eromanga Basins. These younger sediments rest on widespread Neoproterozoic sediments of the Officer Basin, except for southeastern OOLDEA where Eucla Basin units directly overlie basement rocks of the Gawler Craton. The mapsheet area straddles the margin of the Nullarbor Plain and Great Victoria Desert.
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Pandie Pandie - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The Pandie Pandie map area (hereafter referred to as PANDIE PANDIE) lies in the extreme north of the State between latitudes 26° and 27° south and longitudes 138° and 139°30' east. Its northern boundary is the South Australian Queensland border. Adjoining sheets are CORDILLO (mapped by the Petroleum Exploration Division-now in drafting stage), GASON (in preparation) to the south, POOLOWANNA (in preparation) to the west and BIRDSVILLE (Olgers, 1964) to the north. The country is used to raise cattle and horses, the only stations being New Alton Downs and Pandie Pandie. There are no towns on PANDIE PANDIE the nearest being Birdsville about 13 km to the north across the border. George Farwell's Land of Mirage gives an interesting account of the history of the area.
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Parachilna - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The PARACHILNA 1:250 000 map area (referred to in these notes as PARACHILNA) occupies the central Flinders Ranges, eastern part of the Lake Torrens plains and western part of the Lake Frome plains, between latitudes 31°00’ and 32°00’ south and longitudes 138°00’ and 139°30’ east. Permanent settlements are the principal town of Hawker (~400 km north of Adelaide), Parachilna, Blinman and Wilpena Chalet. The area includes the entire Flinders Ranges National Park and numerous pastoral properties.
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Pinnaroo - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The PINNAROO 1:250 000 map area (referred to in these notes as PINNAROO) lies in the western part of the Murray Basin, between latitudes 35° and 36°S and longitudes 139°30' and 141°E. The South Australia-Victoria border forms the eastern boundary of the map area. Most of the PINNAROO area has been cleared for cereal crop production and grazing. Uncleared land includes the Mount Boothby, Mount Rescue, Carcuma, Scorpion Springs and Karte Conservation Parks; and portions of the Billiatt and Peebinga Conservation Parks. In addition, further uncleared Crown Land is planned to be incorporated in the Scorpion Springs and Mount Rescue Parks. These important conservation areas are dominated by the mal lee plant association of Eucalyptus incrassata and E. foecunda, Xanthorrhoea australis, Banksia ornata and Casuarina paludosa. The main towns on PINNAROO are Lameroo, Pinnaroo, Karoonda, Tintinara and Coonalpyn. The main sealed roads include Dukes Highway, National Route 12 between Moorlands and Pinnaroo, the Murray Bridge-Loxton road, Princes Highway, the Loxton-Bordertown road, and Mcintosh Way linking Meningie and Coonalpyn. A network of minor metalled roads and dry-weather tracks provides good access to most parts of the map area. The Adelaide-Melbourne Railway runs alongside the Dukes Highway and branch lines serve the small settlements in the north of PINNAROO.
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Poolowanna - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The Poolowanna 1:250 000 map area (hereafter referred to as POOLOWANNA) lies in the most northerly portions of the State, between latitudes 26° and 2TS and longitudes 136°30' and 138°E. Its northern boundary is the South Australian-Northern Territory border. Adjacent map sheets are shown. The map area is completely uninhabited and would include some of the most desolate and inhospitable country in Australia. It is covered entirely by sand dunes and salinas. There are no pastoral leases on the area. Portion is now a national park. The nearest towns are Birdsville and Oodnadatta; both are 100 km from the map area. Easiest access is by way of a seismic track from Dalhousie Ruins to Poeppel Corner. This track is now used by tourists.
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Renmark - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The RENMARK 1:250,000 map area is bounded by 34° and 35° South latitude and 139°30' and 141° East longitude. It includes about 5,700 square miles (1 476 000 hectares) in the southeast of South Australia, and is centrally situated in the South Australian portion of the Murray Basin. The area includes counties Albert and Alfred, portions of counties Buccleuch, Chandos, Eyre, Hamley, Sturt and Young and the District Council areas of Truro, Morgan, Waikerie, Loxton and Barmera and the Corporation of the Township of Renmark. The Sturt Highway links Renmark in the northeast of the map area with Adelaide about 260 km distant to the west-southwest. This highway also links Renmark to major cities in western New South Wales and western Victoria. Secondary and other roads provide ready access to most parts of the map area; to interstate highways through Murray Bridge and Tailem Bend and to a major road from Tailem Bend to Pinnaroo, all south of the map area. The Murray River, which provided the main access in the days of the paddle steamer, is navigable by small craft.
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Streaky Bay - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The STREAKY BAY 1:250 000 geological map area is located between latitudes 32° and 33°S, and longitudes 133°30' and 135°E, on the west coast of Eyre Peninsula. Adjacent geological maps are CHILDARA (Blissett, 1980), ELLISTON (Flint. 1989), FOWLER (Firman, 1978), GAIRDNER (Blissett, 1985), KIMBA (Flint and Rankin, 1989), NUYTS (Flint, 1986) and YARDEA (Blissett et al., 1988). The principal towns are Ceduna and Streaky Bay, with smaller centres of population at Smoky Bay, Poochera. Cungena, Wirrulla and Haslam. The area is serviced by the Eyre Highway, Flinders Highway and Port Lincoln-Thevenard railway. Much of the land has been cleared for agriculture, with extensive native scrub remaining only in the Great Victoria Desert/Gawler Ranges area north of the Dogfence. The dominant agriculture is rotation cereal cultivation and livestock grazing. Major cereals are wheat and barley; sheep are the most important livestock. Streaky Bay and Ceduna are local ports for professional fishing whereas Thevenard is a deep sea port for loading of grain, and gypsum which is mined at Lake Macdonnell on NUYTS.
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Strzelecki - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The STRZELECKI map area lies adjacent to the New South Wales border, in the centre of the Strzelecki Desert, covering some of the main hydrocarbon production areas in South Australia around Moomba. Most of these oil and gas fields are located in the northern half of the map area. Liquids and gas pipelines transport products to Adelaide and Port Bonython in South Australia, and Sydney in New South Wales. Pastoral properties in the map area are 'Bollards Lagoon', 'Merty Merty' and 'Lake Hope'. The northeastern corner is covered by the Innamincka Regional Reserve and the central part by the Strzelecki Regional Reserve.
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Tallaringa - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The TALLARINGA 1:250 000 geological map lies in the central western arid interior of South Australia, about 800 km northwest of Adelaide. It is located within the dunefield of the Great Victoria Desert and the palaeochannel-dissected, duricrust-capped table lands northeast of the Nullarbor Plain. 'Mobella' formerly known as Indooroopilly Outstation is the only settlement. Once an outstation of 'Commonwealth Hill' on adjacent COOBER PEDY, it is the focus of sheep grazing in the southeastern part of the map. The nearest towns are Coober Pedy and Tarcoola, located well over 100 km to the northeast and southeast respectively.
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Warrina - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The WARRINA 1:250 000 map area (referred to in these notes as WARRINA) lies in the arid interior of northern South Australia, between latitudes 28 and 29°S and longitudes 135 and 136°30'E. The Oodnadatta Track passes through the map area, skirting the western margins of the Davenport Range and Denison Range (previously informally known as the 'Peake and Denison Ranges'). The small settlement of William Creek, in the southeastern comer ofW ARRINA, lies on the Oodnadatta Track, about halfway between Marree and Oodnadatta. The old Marree to Alice Springs Railway, now dismantled, follows approximately the alignment of the Oodnadatta Track. The Overland Telegraph line once traversed eastern WARRINA, and the repeater station ruins at Peake are a prominent historical feature.
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Whyalla - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The WHYALLA 1:250 000 geological map straddles north-central Spencer Gulf encompassing a large triangular area of northeastern Eyre Peninsula including Arno Bay, Cowell, Iron Duke, Iron Baron and Whyalla, and a small triangular area on Yorke Peninsula including Wallaroo, Kadina, Port Broughton and Port Pirie. The area is bounded by latitudes 33° and 34°S and longitudes 136°30’ and 138°E. Although some data have been collated from earlier publications, most of the geological data presented on the WHYALLA map sheet and within these explanatory notes has been compiled from several years research and regional mapping by the first author. The entire area was remapped by A.J. Parker, commencing in 1973 and continuing intermittently through to 1980.
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Wintinna - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
The WINTINNA 1:250 000 mapsheet area lies between latitudes 27° to 28°S and longitudes 133°30’ to 135°00’E. This ~16 400 km2 area includes Marla and Cadney Park and is crossed by the Stuart Highway and Adelaide to Darwin Railway. WINTINNA topography is broadly convex, gently sloping towards the southeast and south, forming an incised plain where duricrusted plateaus, mesas and buttes retain older land stability surfaces (pediments). Inverted topography abounds where Cenozoic erosion has and continues to incise or undercut exposed softer strata. Elevation extremes include an unnamed high point at 436 m and an alluvial plain at ~130 m ASL; the typical range is ~170 to ~350 m. Ephemeral Alberga River flows in from the more elevated Musgrave Ranges, to the NW on ALBERGA, and drains eastwards across WINTINNA onto OODNADATTA. Neales River and Arckaringa Creek headwaters occur in the centre of WINTINNA, and they flow east and SE respectively. Portions of the Great Victoria and Pedirka Deserts occupy the SW and NE quadrants.
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Woodroffe - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The WOODROFFE map area covers about 16,500 square kilometres between Lat. 26° and 27° South, Long. 130° 30' and 132° 00' East. It occupies the northeast quarter of the North West Aboriginal Reserve. Its northern boundary is part of the State border between South Australia and the Northern Territory. The only permanent settlement in the area is Amata (formerly Musgrave Park) which was established in 1957 by the South Australian Department of Aboriginal Affairs (now Department for Community Welfare) for the administration of the Reserve. Entry into the Reserve is restricted and permits to enter are required from that Department. The main road into the area runs southwest to Amata from Mulga Park Station homestead, which is in the Northern Territory and on the main southern access road to Ayers Rock from the Stuart Highway.
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Yardea - Explanatory Notes (hard copy)
Provides supporting notes to the published 1:250 000 scale geological mapsheet series, including summaries of the geology, stratigraphy and tectonics. Price includes a copy of published map. The YARDEA 1:250 000 geological map straddles the southern margin of the Gawler Ranges on northern Eyre Peninsula. The only major township within the area is Minnipa, with Kimba and Wudinna both located immediately south of the map boundary, and the smaller community centre of Buckleboo in the southeastern comer of the map. The Eyre Highway crosses the southwestern corner of the map, which is bound by latitudes 32°00’S and 33°00’S, and longitudes 135°00’E and 136°30’E. Although some data have been collated from earlier publications, most of the geological data presented on the YARDEA map and within these explanatory notes have been compiled from regional geological mapping by the first author (southern areas comprising mainly Palaeoproterozoic basement), A.H. Blissett and A.F. Crooks (Gawler Ranges). Contributions were made by M.C. Benbow (Narlaby Palaeochannel), C.W. Giles (University of Adelaide; Gawler Ranges) and R.B. Flint, with some contributions from mineral exploration mapping.
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