Blinman Mine. Drew G.J. 1996
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Blinman mine site. The Blinman mine was the largest and longest operating mine in the Flinders Ranges. Today the site is a historic reserve and managed by the Department of Mines and Energy South Australia.
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Broken Hill Heritage Trails. 1991
At the end of the last Century, Broken Hill was famous worldwide for its richness and size of its ore body. It was one of the largest mining areas in the world and supported a city of nearly 30, 000 people.
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Burra Mine. Drew G.J. 1995
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Burra mine site. Burra mine was world famous for the richness of its copper ores and for the first ten years of its life, was the largest mine in Australia.
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Glen Osmond Mines. Drew G.J. 1990
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Glen Osmond mine site. Glen Osmond mines consist of a number of individual mines, the most famous being Wheal Gawler ('wheal' is Cornish for mine). Wheal Watkins and Glen Osmond mine. Historically the Glen Osmond group of mines is of national significance. Wheal Gawler was the first metal mine in Australia and produced the first mineral exports from this country.
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Gold at Jupiter Creek. Drew G.J. 1994
A guide to the walking trail within the historic gold diggings at Jupiter Creek. The Jupiter Creek diggings have an estimated production of between 25, 000 and 50, 000 ounces of gold.
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Kapunda Mine. Drew G.J. 1990
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Kapunda mine site. Kapunda Mine was the first successful metal mine in Australia and, together with Burra, contributed to the Colony's recovery from economic crisis in the early 1840's; it has also made a major contribution to South Australia's Cornish heritage.
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Almanda Silver Mine
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Almanda Silver mine site located in the Scott Creek Conservation Park. The interpretive walking trail was established in conjunction with the Department of Mines and Energy.
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Barossa Goldfield. Drew G.J. 1996
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Barossa Goldfield mine site. The Goldfield extends northward for a distance of 4 kilometres from the South Para River and is now located partly on private property and Para Wirra Recreation Park.
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Moonta Mines. Drew, G.J. 1991
A guide to the walking trail within the Moonta historic mine site. In 1861, a shepherd, Patrick Ryan, discovered traces of copper in earth burrowed out of a wombat hole on the pastoral lease of W.W Hughes. The discovery was made in a patch of dense scrub known by aboriginals as Moonta-Moontera. Two parties subsequently applied for mining leases over the discovery, but Hughes was eventually successful. Hughes formed the Tipara Mining Association (later the Moonta Mining Co.) and began operations in late 1861, causing a rush of miners from the Burra and Wallaroo mines.
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Talisker Silver Lead Mine. Drew G.J. 1993
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Talisker Silver-Lead Mine site. Small deposits of silver-lead ore are widely distributed through the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges. Historically the one at Glen Osmond, near Adelaide, is the most significant as the site of Australia's first metal mine. But Talisker was also one of the largest producers of silver and lead in a colony whose early mining history was dominated by copper.
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Discovering Historic Burra, South Australia
Burra was the first surveyed mining town in Australia and by 1851, was Australia's largest inland town. Its famed 'Monster Mine' was the largest metal mine in Australia up to 1860. The influence of Burra on the economy of South Australia and on mining in Australia gives the town and mine considerable historic importance to all Australians. Burra has survived as one of Australia's most significant historic towns dating from the country's first mining era, which took place in South Australia between 1841 and 1851. The townships and mine sites of Burra, with their magnificent collection of historic buildings, provide a comprehensive record of the methods and lifestyles of a nineteenth century mining community. The town of Burra is on the Register of the National Estate and many of its buildings are on the List of State Heritage Items.
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Discovering Historic Kadina. Drew G.J. 1990
History of the town and mine and main points of interest along the Kadina heritage and walking trails. Includes numerous current and historic photographs and a detailed Heritage Trail map. The discovery of rich copper deposits, at Kapunda in 1842 and Burra in 1845, added financial stability to an almost bankrupt colony and, by 1850, South Australia was one of the world's leading copper producers. That position was maintained with the discovery of copper deposits at Wallaroo in 1859 and Moonta in 1861. These mines were worked by separate companies until 1890, when they amalgamated to form the Wallaroo and Moonta Mining and Smelting Co. Ltd. These mines were on large, rich deposits which were worked continuously for more than 60 years. The township of Kadina, which abuts the former Wallaroo Mine, and the nearby towns of Moonta and Wallaroo, were established as a direct result of copper mining in the early 1860s. Wallaroo became a port and smelting town and served both Moonta and Wallaroo mines. The three towns form a triangle, now commonly called The Copper Triangle. By 1875, the district had a population of about 20 000, predominantly Cornish immigrants and their descendants. In the 1860s, the area was covered with dense mallee which was quickly denuded for firewood and mine timbers. This was aggravated by clearance for agriculture in the 1870s and 1880s and, within 30 years, the district was a treeless plain. The closure of the mines in 1923 led to a rapid decline in the mining population but Kadina has survived as an agricultural, commercial and administrative centre.
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Discovering Historic Kapunda. Drew G.J. and Jones J. 1988
History of the town and mine, and main points of interest along the Kapunda heritage and walking trails. Includes numerous current and historic photographs and a detailed Heritage Trail map. The name Kapunda is after the Aboriginal term 'cappie oonda', which refers to a spring. The Kapunda Mine was the first successful metal mine in Australia and, together with Burra, saved the infant colony of South Australia from economic crisis in the 1840s. It led to the establishment of one of the first mining towns in Australia. During the nineteenth century, Kapunda was one of the major towns of South Australia. In 1871, with a population of 2273, the town was more populous than Gawler and Glenelg, and had only about 200 fewer residents than Port Adelaide. At that time, Kapunda was the centre of a prosperous agricultural region; it was the location of several engineering and implement-making firms, and above all, it was a thriving mining town.
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Discovering Historic Moonta. Drew G.J. 1991
Includes plan, interpretive descriptions and historic photographs of sites along the Moonta Heritage Trail. Includes numerous current and historic photographs and a detailed Heritage Trail map. The discovery of copper ore near Kadina in 1859 was followed by a second discovery in 1861 about 15 kilometres to the south. These discoveries led to the formation of the Moonta and Wallaroo mining companies which eventually amalgamated in 1890. The Moonta Mine developed rapidly and, in 1863, the town of Moonta was established. The Corporation of Moonta was proclaimed in 1872 and, by 1875, the district had a population of about 12,000 making it the largest centre outside Adelaide. The closure of the mine in 1923 led to a rapid decline in population, particularly in the mines area where many houses were left to ruin or were demolished. Moonta, however, survived as an agricultural and service centre. Since the 1970s, there has been a resurgence in trade due to the needs of the tourism industry. The mine attracted a large population of Cornish miners and the Cornish influence was very strong. Today, Moonta has a rich Cornish heritage which has resulted in the area being named Australia's Little Cornwall.
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Discovering Historic Wallaroo. Drew G.J. 1989
History of the town, smelters and port, and main points of interest along the Wallaroo heritage and walking trails. Includes numerous current and historic photographs and a detailed Heritage Trail map. From 1861 until 1923, Wallaroo was the port for the mineral produce of the mines of Australia's Little Cornwall. Until the establishment of lead smelters at Port Pirie in the 1890s, it was the principal port on Spencer Gulf. The first jetty was constructed in 1861 as part of the contract to build a tramway to the Wallaroo Mine. The port soon became one of the busiest in the State as ships brought cargoes of timber, coal, machinery and food supplies for the mines and towns and left laden with copper ore and ingots and later wool and wheat. Wallaroo is still a major exporting port for grain. Wallaroo was also the location of large smelting works where ore from both the Wallaroo and Moonta mines was smelted from 1861 until closure of the mines in 1923. The smelting works employed a large number of Welsh smelter men which gave the town a distinctive Welsh flavour, as the Welsh language was used in the town for many years. By 1865, the population of Wallaroo was about 3000. This increased to 4000 by the early 1900s and reached a peak of about 5000 residents in the early 1920s. When the smelting works closed after 62 years of continuous operation, it had a major impact on the local community. Hundreds left the town; some gravitated to agriculture and others to the wharf or the chemical works. The population of the town is now about 2200.
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Discover South Australia's Mining Heritage Trails. Drew G.J. 1998
Free Brochure - Take a trip back through a significant era of Australia's mining history in the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges of South Australia. Recapture the romance and adventure of Australia's first mining era in this picturesque landscape, which still bears the evidence of mining activity.
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Brachina Gorge Geological Trail. Drew G.J. 1994
This colourful and spectacular gorge has long attracted visitors to to marvel at its beauty. The gorge today provides a pathway through the rock sequence which reveals their history - a corridor through time
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Geology of Barossa Valley
The Barossa Valley, Australia's premier red wine producing region, is located 50km northeast of Adelaide, within the Mount Lofty Ranges, and is characterised by a unique geological history. Here, an ancient valley was infilled by river sediments over a 30 million year period that lasted till the end of the Ice Age (Pleistocene Epoch). Includes information on history, climate, viticulture, groundwater and geological history of the Barossa Basin.
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Geology of Flinders Ranges National Park
The Flinders Ranges present a magnificent record of Earth History. With careful observations, the rocks displayed in the rugged ranges and colourful gum-lined gorges can be read like a book, taking us through a long history through time.
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Geology of the McLaren Vale Wine Region. 2010
Includes detailed geological map of the region and locations for local wineries. The McLaren Vale Wine Region is located 30 km south of Adelaide and lies mainly within two triangular basins.
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Guide to the Geology of Kangaroo Island.
Kangaroo Island comprises a diverse association of both rocks and landforms that reflect a long and varied geological history. The geological record on the Island, though fragmented and incomplete, extends from the early Neoproterozoic, approximately 1 billion years ago, to the present.
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Geology of the South East. Selby J. 1989
This South East was covered by a shallow sea for nearly half of the Tertiary Period. Within the sea was an archipelago, or group of islands, consisting of ancient granitic rocks. These formed part of the original crust of the Gondwana supercontinent and are about 450 million years old.
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Hallett Cove Geological Trail. Drew G.J. 2011
Hallett Cove is one of the best known geological sites in Australia, because of the evidence of an ancient glaciation discovered in 1875 by Professor Ralph Tate from the University of Adelaide. The polished and striated glacial pavements, and sediments associated with the glaciation, are now known throughout the world.
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Corridors Through Time
The geology of the Flinders Ranges National Park.
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Sleeps Hill Quarries. Drew G.J. 1990
A guide to the walking trail within the historic Sleeps Hill quarries. The quarries are on a reserve managed by the Mitcham City Council, and an interpretive walking trail has been established in conjunction with the Department of Mines and Energy. Spectacular ripple-marked surfaces are preserved in the rocks and large-scale folds reflect the intensity of the forces which deformed the rocks nearly 500 million years ago.
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